Stages of transcribing of the Holy Quran
- First Stage: Drawing of the words of Allah Almighty (during the era of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him).
- Second Stage: Vocalization inscription (during the era of mam Ali, may Allah honor his face).
- Third Stage: Punctuation inscription (during the era ofUmayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan).
- Modern Stage: Tajweed inscription.
first stage Drawing of the words of Allah Almighty (during the era of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him)
Allah Almighty, who fulfills His promise (Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian), has conferred a favor for our Islamic nation by appointing for it those who compete to serve the causes of their nation throughout the ages and times, and the inscription of the words of Allah Almighty in His Holy Quran had the fullest share of these services. In the early days of Islam, and after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, who does not read and does not write, ordered his companions to write the words of Allah Almighty, so they wrote them as a drawing only without vocalization or punctuation (at that time, the inscription was not common and people learn by hearing and receiving only)
Second Stage: Vocalization inscription (during the era of mam Ali, may Allah honor his face)
It is known that after the compilation of the Quran during the reign of the caliph Othman bin Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, Abu Al-Aswad Al-Du’ali, during the reign of Imam Ali, may Allah honor his face, accomplished the vocalization in order to manifest the inflection vocalization to clarify the meaning, for example, the Fatha on the word Allah in the verse (From among His worshipers, the learned fear Allah) makes the meaning straight, while the damma instead of it reflects the meaning upside down, and the saying becomes polytheism, Allah forbid. Therefore, the vocalization became became important in transcribing the four inflection movements, fatha, damma, kasra and sukoon, and these movemnets are no longer audible orally performed by reception only, but have become visual with the eye, helping the reader to straighten the meaning and focus the mind on it.
third_stage Punctuation inscription (during the era ofUmayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan)
For the third distinguished service in trancibing the word of Allah Almighty was done by Al-Nasr bin Asim Al-Laithi, commissioned by Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf Al-Thaqafi – during the reign of Caliph Abd Al-Malik bin Marwan – where the punctuation was written by placing one, two or three dots on letters that are similar in drawing in order to distinguish them from each other for the meaning to be straight and the mind to be focus, instead of being preoccupied with distinguishing the Ha’a from the Kha’a from the Jeem, so that if the dot is above the letter, it is (Kha’a), and if it is below the letter, it is (Jeem) and so on.
While the Tajweed is learned by receiving and orally only with the help of some rules by which the reciter can remember the Tajweed rules to apply them during the recitation, such as the rule (Yarmalon) that refers to Idgaam (merging) positions.
Years passed…. And people are between those who have memorized these rulings – praise be to Allah – and those who are not under pretence of their difficulty and their need for rehearsal and training by receiving…
Dr. Eng. Sobhi Taha, may Allah bless his soul, gain the honor of creating this idea.