Explaining the idea
Color indications A Compulsory Lengthening (Medd) 6 vowels 2, 4 or 6 vowel counts lawful lengthening (Medd) A saturated Lengthening (Medd) 6 vowel counts Two counts lengthening The hiding( Ikhfaa) and the places of ghunnah (two counts) The Idghaam and what is not pronounced Emphatizer Qalqalah
Reciting the Quran in the correct way that is successive form the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, represents a good deed that responds to the command of Allah Almighty (and recite the Quran (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style).
The reciter of the Quran aspires to fulfill for himself the promise of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, (who reads the Quran skillfully with Honorable angles of the sky) Being successful in reading the Quran can only be accomplished verbally and through reception, as it sequenced from the righteous to the good to the master of creation, our master Muhammad, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.
Allah Almighty has blessed us with modern means that provide various facilities that serve the reciter of the Quran to help him in the correct pronunciation of the articulation of sounds in order to improve the reading of the Quran (i.e., to improve the performance and show it in an appropriate manner).
In order to facilitate that reading we can benefit from what is stated in the book Revival of Religious Sciences by Imam Al-Ghazali- A book on the etiquette of reciting the Quran (It is desirable to improving the writing of the Quran and clarifying it, and it is good to use dots and marks in red and other things, as they are useful for garnishing, clarification, and preventing mistakes and agrammatic for those who read it).
Allah provided us with what we can use from the techniques and sciences of the era through an applied understanding of the science of sounds, so it was possible to classify the letters subject to the main Tajweed rules into three categories:
- The category of letters that lengthened an extra Lengthening (for vowels: alif, waw, and ya’a).
- The category of letters that spilled out from the nose with a ghunnah (alef) (for the letters ya’a, waw, meem and noun).
- Articulation of the letters of Qalqalah and emphasizing Ra’a. Accordingly.
It was possible to use coloring to reach satisfactory results that fulfill the required facilitation in recognizing the rules in Tajweed and its performance visually , and in order to help the ordinary reciter to indicate the location and type of rule, and the memorizing reciter to remind him of those rules.
The phrase mentioned in the report of the Committee for the Approval of the Quran of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd’s Complex, in which it was stated: (The scholars of control used to append these letters in red as much as the letters of the original writing, but this was difficult in the printing presses, so it was sufficient to make them smaller in denoting what was intended) had a great impact on thinking about using the time-coded color to achieve the desired purpose, as the barriers that were in the past with the beginning of printing prevented using of these color markings, and since it is now possible for offset presses to use advanced techniques in the field of colors, and instead of placing colors on the garnished frame of the Holy Quran or coloring the word of Allah in red, the benefit of these colors in denoting the letters subject to the Tajweed rules is a matter of priority for the interest of the ordinary reciter.
Thus, it was inspired by Allah Almighty and the idea of using the coloring on the letter to indicate a specific rule, and the gradation of the intensity of the color to indicate the time of this rule If the red color, for example, indicates the Lengthening,then the dark red is for the long Lengthening required with six vowel counts, and the bright red is for the Compulsory Lengthening with five vowel counts, and the orange-red is for the possible Lengthening , while the green color was used to indicate the location of the ghunnah,and its time is two vowel counts (the time of one vowel count is extending the finger, or about half a second).
The dark blue color was used for the emphasized Ra’a and the sky blue for the Qalqala. As for the gray color, it was used to indicate the silent letters. Thus, the reader of the Quran applies 28 Tajweed rules directly during the recitation, by the help of the colors : red, green and blue (as the orange color is for the permissible lengthening with the time from two vowel counts up to six vowel counts, and thus it can be treated as the red color, while the latency color is for short and natural signs with only two vowel counts lengthening, which is the specificity of the deleted alif in the Ottoman drawing often).
Which means, the eye, through the red color, sees the sites of the Lengthening, and from the green color, it sees the sites of ghunnah, and from the blue color, it sees the exits of emphasizing and Qalqala . Thus, the average reciter is able to focus only on the meaning of the words of Allah Almighty, to understand the words’ interpretation and to ponder their rules, as soon as he becomes acquainted with the key found in the Holy Quran.
We here point out that distinguishing the rules of recitation and Tajweed is within the field of facilitating reading for the reader who has not obtained sufficient knowledge of the science of Tajweed, and the scholars of readings and drawing have exerted their utmost efforts to achieve this blessed goal in distinguishing the form in order to know the Edgham from the Ezhar and other rules, and the editors have permitted the use of ink colors to differentiate between the vowels (as proved by Imam Abu Amr bin Othman bin Saeed Al-Dani, who died in 444 H) in his book (Al-Muhakkim fi Nuqat al-Masahif) Pg. 8 and 23, where he says: (I see that the vowels, tanween, emphasis, sukoon and lengthening should be in red, and hamzat in yellow) This is a statement of the permissibility of coloring, which helps to improve the recitation of the Holy Quran.
In the book Al-Itqan fi Ulum Al-Quran, Volume 2, p. 170 and beyond, by Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Suyuti, who died in 911 H (It is recommended to write the Quran and improve its writing, clarifying and illustrating it) Our work here is to improve the writing and clarify it.
Our master Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, when he was seeing a great Quran, he became pleased with it and on the authority of Ibn Masoud, may Allah be pleased with him, when he passed by a Quran adorned with gold, he said: (The best thing with which the Quran is garnished is to recite it correctly) and this action helps to recite it with correctly, and Imam Al-Nawawi said ( The dots and shape of the Quran are desirable because it is a protection for it from agrammatic and distortion) and the coloring increases the clarification.
With regard to this work of ours,the sheikh of the reciters in Syria, Muhammad Karim Rajih, on the 21st Safar of 1412 H, said that this work is (acceptable and if it does not benefit, it does not harm, then it reminds and indicates, and it does not replace the receiving from the mouths of the Sheikhs), while the Sheikh, the reciter Mohiuddin Al-Kurdi on 18th Safar, 1415 said (that the old people and the those who are unable to learn can benefit from this work, because they cannot receive.
Professor Dr. Wahba Al-Zuhaili, a member of the Islamic Fiqh Academy in Jeddah and head of the Department of Islamic Jurisprudence and its Doctrines at the University of Damascus, on Muharram 18, 1415 H, explained the following: (Allah Almighty says “We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?” This is a clear indication that everything that facilitates the recitation of the Quran that is obligatory in Sharia, contemplating it, understanding its meanings and apprehending it , and acting upon what came in it , is a religiously obligatory matter for those who have knowledge and can interpret the Book of Allah . Since the recitation of the Holy Quran is obligatory as is known in the science of Tajweed, then every method that facilitates the reader to learn the rules of Tajweed and adhere to them in the recitation is legally permissible whether the letters of the print are in one color or in different colors. The successful recitation is when the letters of words are imprinted in the mind, and this edition of the Holy Quran in colors is consistent with the facilitation of the Quran and its recitation, and rulings are established in the mind. So that, this is a desirable contemporary style that does not contradict the tradition and the transmitted drawing , May Allah grant success to Dar Almarifa for this blessed work).
When examining the opinions of scholars of reading and jurists at the level of the Islamic world, it became clear that this work is (a great help in controlling the reading of the Book of Allah Almighty , and there is no legal impediment to it , similar to the previous efforts of Muslims in the service of the Book of Allah Almighty in terms of form, dots, stop and lengthening signs, etc.)
Provisions learned from direct application:
According to the reading approved by Imam Al-Shatibi, the following was applied:
First – the red color (in its gradations)
It symbolizes the lengthening with its different times according to the color gradation:
- The dark red color symbolizes the Compulsory Lengthening and it is lengthened six vowel counts. It includes the verbal lengthening (in both heavy and reduced forms).
- The bright red color: symbolizes the Obligatory Lengthening and lengthened five vowel counts and includes the connected lengthening, separated lengthening, and big silah lengthening.
- The orange color: symbolizes the permissible lengthening, and lengthened two, four, or six vowel counts in the case of stopping at the heads of the verses as drawn in the Quran, and it is a followed Sunnah mentioned in the hadith of Umm Salama, may Allah be pleased with her, that she was asked about reading the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, and she said: (He was separating the verses and reading them one by one, for example: In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. Praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds. The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. Sovereign of the Day of Recompense.) This hadith was refernced by Abu Dawud in his Sunnah in Kitab al-Huruf, al-Tirmidhi in The Reward of the Quran, and Imam Ahmad in his Musnad, part 6, page 36. This permissible tide.
- includes both the temporary lengthening and the lengthening of softness.
- While the cumin color: symbolizes the natural lengthening, and it is only two vowel counts, whether for the omitted thousand from the Ottoman drawing or for the minor silah lengthening.
Second – the green color:
It is for the location of Ghunnah and its time which is two vowel counts . As for distinguishing it (emphasized or underemphasize, and pronouncing it in general, this must be referred to receiving and oral). It may be for the Ikhfaa ghunnah or the oral Ikhfaa, or the aggravated noon or the aggravated meem, and it forms with the gray color the rule of Idghaam with a ghunnah and the rule of Iqlaab (as explained at the end of the Holy Quran).
Third – the blue color:
- It was colored in dark blue only the emphasized Ra’a without marking the other emphatic letters to avoid confusion for the reader.
- As for the Qalqalah letters, they are colored in sky blue with the sukoon sign on them for the minor Qalqalah . As for the larger Qalqalah, they are colored blue when standing on them in the heads of the verses (without coloring the vowel count).
- As for the gray color:it is for the letters that are written and not pronounced (silent letters), such as the case of the sun lam to distinguish it from the lunar lam, the alif al-tafariq, which are drawn not like how they are pronounced, the hamzat al-wasl within the word, the homogeneous Edgham, the convergent Idghaam, as well as the noon and tanween which are subject to the rule of the Iqlaab (with the help of the green color of the lowercase letter Meem above the letter Noon or in the place of Tanween, as well as the N00n and Tanween which are subject to the rule of Idghaam with Ghunnah (with the help of the green color of the Idghaam letter – because there is a ghunnah).
The benefit of the ordinary reader – to improve his recitation – is evident through his knowledge of the positions of the main rules of Tajweed , and that improving recitation requires consulting specialists and memorizers and reciters, to learn the soundness of pronouncing the letters and their articulations, in accordance with the words of Imam Ali, may Allah honor his face (Tajweed is an ear and art).
There is also a great benefit achieved as a result of the use of coloring, which was manifested by eliminating the justifications of those who want to change the Ottoman drawing to the orthographic drawing, claiming that there are silent letters, as now they no longer have a justification for this claim. for example (al-Salw ‘a “sala”) The letter “”w”” was colored in gray, which is not pronounced, while the omitted “”alif”” sign was distinguished by its color to indicate the natural lengthen in two vowel counts, and so on.
Since the importance of this great work in serving the Book of Allah Almighty was touched in the printed Quran, the same idea was implemented on video tapes , where the viewer can see, hear and participate in the recitation, which clearly shows the positions of the rules of Tajweed.
This was also done on CDs, in which the computer user can directly memorize the Holy Quran reciting in Tajweed, in a record period of time with the least possible effort, as the senses of hearing and sight help him to recognize the rule of Tajweed encoded for the entire Holy Quran, as the learner repeats the Quranic verses that he heard with his ear and saw with his own eye, and as many times as he desired, before the reciter continued the recitation. Thus, the process of memorizing the Quran becomes easy and facilitated for students of institutes and for everyone interested in it A red letter… this letter is lengthened (i.e., increases the time of performing the letter, to become eventually as follows:)
- A red letter… this letter is lengthened (i.e., increases the time of performing the letter
- A letter in green color… it is Ghunnah i.e. the sound comes out of the nostrils (the nose)
- A blue letter… coming out of the throat for the Qalqalah and the emphasize Ra’a
- For letters in grey, it is better not think about them, because we do not want to pronounce them . Just as a car driver sees a red traffic light and stops at it , and sees a green traffic light and passes by as soon as he sees it without thinking about it , which is a civilized appearance that has been generalized around the world. Likewise, here in this great work, the reader will familiarize himself with the three colors, to find himself applying 28 rules directly, so that his mind is thinking only about pondering and understanding the meanings of the words of Allah Almighty. This has been preserved by what these colors symbolize (red, green, and blue) in the Holy Quran, by registering this great work as a patent to protect this idea of transcribing of Tajweed, just as the idea of punctuation was protected before that, and before it the idea of vocalization.
In conclusion, please note that transcribing of Tajweed (which means improving performance) in addition to being a religious requirement is a linguistic requirement as well, and the effects of transcribing of Tajweed will be reflected in a civilized way to improve the performance of our Arabic language, which we are proud of.
This Holy Quran (called Tajweed Quran) has spread in many regions of the Islamic world, despite the urgent need to introduce people to it until it is circulated and distributed to include, Allah willing, every school, house and mosque. And this would not have been done without the help and assist from Allah Almighty.
God Almighty has spoken the truth.